India's current population is 1,356,356,206 (updated on 10-Jan-19). India is only the second country in the world after China to cross the one billion mark. Although India occupies only 2.4% of the world's land area, it supports over 16% of the world's population.
The population clock at International Institute of Population Sciences, Mumbai, ticks at the rate of 38 persons per minute. The clock shows an approx increase of 55,000 persons in India everyday. Hence the population of India increases by 20 million every year, which is approximately the total population of Australia. (Every year the total Population of Australia is added to the population of India).
The birth rate in India (31 per thousand people) is greater than that of China (20 per thousand people). If this trend continues, India will beat up China by 2025 A.D., making India the most populous nation in the world. In 2025 A.D, India will have 1591 million people and China 1554 million people.
The density of the population in India is approx 350 per square kilometre. This is approx 11 times greater than the density in the United States and 3 times greater than the density in China.
Only five countries in the world - China, USA, Brazil, Indonesia, and Pakistan have more population than Uttar Pradesh (166 million), which is one of the 29 states in India.